Veneers are thin shells that are laid onto the teeth and bonded to the surface. They are more durable and have more realistic appearance.
The ProcedureVeneers are a more conservative alternative to crowns since they require less removal of the tooth's original surface. With veneers in place, patients can expect straighter, whiter, and more even looking teeth.
On the first day, the patient and dentist discuss the process of placing veneers and the options available (e.g. types and shades of veneers). On your next visit, the dentist removes a very small layer of each tooth's outer enamel. A local anesthesia may be used. The dentist makes a mold of the teeth then the technicians create customized veneers for the teeth. The lab prepares the veneers in one day. During this time, the teeth have a slightly different appearance because of the removal of the outer layer of enamel. On the third day, when the veneers are ready, the patient makes their final dental visit. The dentist applies the veneer to the tooth using a bonding material. When exposed to light, this bonding material dries and hardens.
When a tooth is cracked, decayed, or damaged, a crown may need to be fitted onto the tooth. A crown is a permanent covering that fits over the original tooth.
Preparing the Tooth and CrownCrowns can be made of porcelain, gold and other metals, acrylic resin, or an amalgam (a mix) of these materials. Porcelain crowns typically have the most realistic appearance, although they tend to be less durable than other materials. Crowns can whiten, reshape, and realign existing teeth, adding to a healthy and vibrant smile. During your first visit, the dentist will numb the tooth to be crowned and remove the decay in or around it. The tooth is then rescultped to provide an easy fit for the crown. This is a painless process that is performed in the dentist's chair.
An impression of your teeth is then taken and sent to the dental lab where permanent, custom-made crowns are created (this usually takes weeks in the UK bacause of capacity problems). During this interim period, temporary crowns made of an acrylic resin are fitted onto the teeth.
Applying the CrownOn your next visit, the dentist removes the temporary crown and fits the permanent crown onto the teeth. He or she makes sure the crown has the proper look and fit, and then cements the crown into place.
In Hungary we create your crowns during a weekend or 1-2 days. If you need only one Crown, we do it in a couple of hours with our high-tech equipments.
A bridge is a device used to fill the space where a tooth has fallen out or been removed. A typical bridge consists of a pontic (a filler tooth) that is attached to two surrounding crowns (abutments). Once complete, this bridge structure is bonded into the mouth. Without the use of a bridge, spaces in the mouth from missing teeth can cause multiple teeth to shift, lead to occlusion (biting) and/or jaw problems, and may spur periodontal disease. Bridges safeguard the integrity of existing teeth and help maintain a healthy, vibrant smile.
The ProcessBridges usually require two trips to the dentist's office. During the initial visit, the surrounding teeth are numbed with a local anesthetic. The dentist prepares the surrounding teeth by cleaning any plaque or decay that remains and reducing them so that the crowns can be fitted. The dentist makes a mold of the teeth and sends it off to a dental lab where the customized impression is prepared. The customized mold might takes one to three days to return to the office. In the interim, patients are fitted with a temporary bridge constructed of acrylic resin. When the patient returns to the dental office, the dentist removes the temporary bridge and replaces it with the permanent one. The dentist then adjusts the bridge for the proper bite and fit, and the bridge is permanently bonded into the mouth.
Dental implants are artificial tooth roots made of bio-material which is placed in the socket of the lost teeth to carry a tooth replacement. The material is generally pure, unalloyed titanium, which is completely accepted by the human body. During preliminary examinations the doctor checks the patient to decide if placement of dental implants can be carried out. This includes a dental examination (which teeth must be substituted, if the jaw is suitable for receiving the implants, taking of X-ray shots, etc.), and general medical examinations (laboratory tests).
The insertion of implants is carried out under losal anaesthesia. First the dentist prepares the given part of the jaw, then inserts the implant. The suture is removed 4-7 days later, and following this implants begin to heal under the gums.
The healing periodThe healing period lasts for about 3 months. During this time bone cells grow into the micro-pores created on the surface of the implant. This process is called osseointegration, and ensures the implants fix in place and become able to support a normal biting load long-term without any damage.
Note: If you notice any change, attend a check-up examination as soon as possible.
Then the tooth replacement is fixed onto the implants. First the implants osseointegrated under the gum are uncovered, then abutment pieces are fitted into them to support or retain the replacement. Following this, the prosthesis is prepared in the dental laboratory in a short time in the usual way.
The complete implant reconstruction process may take from 2 to 6 months.
1. VisitConsultation, dental X-ray, placing the implant into the jawbone (Your bone cells need to grow around the implant before the post can be attached to the implant), Time required: 2 days
2. Visit3-4-6 months later, Post is attached to the implant and the replacement teeth are prepared Time required: 8 days+ several months healing period
Contact between patient and dentist does not stop here, with placement of the new teeth. Among the most important criteria for long-run success in dental implantation are good mouth hygiene and regular medical check-ups. Patients wearing implant-based tooth replacement must regularly attend examinations once a year. Then the dentist verifies the state of the attachment of the bone and of the mucosa around the implant(s) and that of the tooth replacement, and makes the necessary corrections (e.g. removes plaque).
When multiple teeth are extracted, dentures may be the most appropriate solution. Dentures can create a natural and healthy looking set of teeth. As well, a properly fitting set of dentures can greatly enhance your smile and sense of self-esteem.
Complete and Partial DenturesMany types of dentures exist, including complete and partial dentures. Complete dentures are used when few of the original teeth remain. The dentist begins by removing any remaining teeth so the dentures can be fitted. He or she then makes a mold of the gums and sends it to a dental lab where customized dentures are constructed. Patients are typically fitted with temporary dentures until the permanent set of dentures have returned from the laboratory. Partial dentures are prepared in much the same way as a complete set, and are utilized when only a few teeth are missing...
If the roots of a patient's remaining teeth (the tissue and gums) are strong, the dentist may suggest over dentures. Over dentures fit on top of the remainder of teeth in the mouth. With over dentures, the remaining teeth are resculpted and covered with metal caps to stop future decay. The advantage of over dentures is that they do not have to be relined as frequently as a complete set of dentures because the jawbone and gums recede less. In addition, over dentures create less occlusion (bite) problems than complete dentures.
There are a number of reasons why you might get your teeth whitened. Everyone is different; and just as our hair and skin colour vary, so do our teeth. Very few people have brilliant-white teeth, and our teeth can also become more discoloured as we get older.
Your teeth can also be stained on the surface through food and drinks such as tea, coffee, red wine and blackcurrant. Smoking can also stain teeth.
Calculus or tartar can also affect the colour of teeth. Some people may have staining under the surface, which can be caused by certain antibiotics or tiny cracks in the teeth which take up stains.
There is now laser whitening or 'power whitening'. During this procedure a rubber dam is put over your teeth to protect the gums, and a bleaching product is painted onto your teeth. Then a light or laser is shone on the teeth to activate the chemical. The light speeds up the chemical reaction of the whitening product and the colour change can be achieved more quickly using this procedure. Laser whitening can make teeth up to five or six shades lighter.
The other procedure bis called professional bleaching which is the most common form of tooth whitening. Your dentist will be able to tell you if you are suitable for the treatment, and will supervise it if you are. First the dentist will put a rubber shield or a gel on your gums to protect the soft tissue. They will then apply the whitening product to your teeth, using a specially made tray which fits into your mouth like a gum-shield.
The 'active ingredient' in the product is usually hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide. As the active ingredient is broken down, oxygen gets into the enamel on the teeth and the tooth colour is made lighter.
What are dental implants?A dental implant is an artificial root that is placed into the jaw bone so further technical work such as bridges, crowns can be anchored on the implant. Implants replace lost teeth and take over their full function after the healing period and prosthetic technical work.
Prosthetic implant teeth have almost the same function as the original biological teeth. Prosthetic technical work resembles the shape and color of original teeth, those without professional experience could never tell the difference.
Corrections with implant work improves chewing and speech, provides comfort and positively changes facial aesthetics.
What are the benefits of dental implants?According to longitudinal studies, success rates are above 95 As a result of advanced treatment methods, the risks are therefore very low. Preservation of bone structure is achieved since the atrophy of the jaw bone is considerably delayed. This insures that the implants are held in place for many years.
The sense of feeling and taste are not affected due to reduced mucous membrane coverage.
Dentures anchored on implants are stable and held securely, therefore you can bite and chew with them more easily and you will have no more painful denture sores. You also regain your self-confidence when speaking, singing or laughing. Greater self-assurance and a better quality of life thanks to your positive effect on other people. By placing natural stress on the bone cells in the same way as natural teeth do, implants prevent bone loss and gum recession following tooth loss which provides a great cosmetic advantage.
What are implants made of?Materials that can be placed in the body are substances that the body does not reject and do not cause any impairment to the tissues. These are called bio-materials. Titanium is the bio-material that implants are made of and are therefore readily accepted by the body without any allergic reactions.
Dental implants are usually cylinder or scrwlike in shape, have a diameter of 3,3-6,0 mm and are 9-16 mm in length.
What are the requirements for dental implants?The ideal candidate for an implant should be in good health, have excellent oral hygiene and have adequate jaw bone shape and density where the implant will be placed. This area must be completely healthy and free of inflammation. If there are any decayed teeth or signs of paradontopathic disease, these must be treated and cured before surgery can take place. With the help of modern science and technology, bone quantity can be increased if necessary.
There are some diseases that increase the risk of implant rejection such as diabetes, smoking and tobacco product use and bleeding disorders. After the thorough examination of the patient can only be decided if a dental implant surgery is an option.
What are the risks of dental implants?Dental implant surgery takes place under local anesthesia, and can have similiar complications like any anesthetic surgery. Naturally such complications can be avoided with adequate precaution.
During surgery there can be nerve damage (paraesthesia or numbness of the lower lip), risk of inflammation (in maxillary sinus, in mandible), and the possibility of implant rejection. With modern surgical technology and proper care these risks are minimal. Rejection of an implant happens in approximately 2% of all cases, but with regular monitoring and excellent oral hygiene the risks can be reduced.
What happens during implantation?The insertion of an implant does not require hospitalization. It is performed under local anesthesia and is therefore free of pain. At the site chosen for implantation, the mucous membrane is moved aside and the implant bed is prepared step by step to the individually required depth and width. After the implant has been inserted, the gum is sutured back into place and cooled to prevent excessive swelling. Then the healing phase begins, during which time there is no load on the implant.
The healing phase lasts an average of two to three months for the lower jaw and four months for the upper jaw.
During this waiting time you will be provided with a temporary tooth replacement. In exceptional cases the implant can be loaded earlier, although it is rarely loaded immediately.
Things to do before and after surgery.Before surgery
You must inform your doctor of all regularly and non regularly taken medication. Prior to surgery you can have a light meal, do not arrive with an empty stomach. It is best to come with an escort and avoid driving after surgery. Regularly taken medications should be taken normally unless directed otherwise.
Exterior surface of the surgically affected area should be treated with ice application to reduce swelling. You must not eat while still under the adffect of local anesthesia. You must not consume coffee, tea, alcohol for one day, smoke or consume spicy foods.
Oral hygiene should be a priority: regular brushing, flossing, rinsing with chlorhexidine as directed. Take prescribed pain killers as needed and anti-biotics as directed.
Things you need to know about post-implantation responsibilitiesYou must pay close attention to oral hygiene. Depending on your dental work you might have to use special tools for cleaning such as brushes, superfloss and regular dental floss. The doctor at the time of the dental procedure explains everything to know about future care and care technique of the dental work.
To ensure a long term result success you must have a check- up every 6 to 12 months from the date of receipt. The treating doctor should answer any other questions and concerns that might arise.
The long term success of an implant depends on the patient as much as the surgeon. The responsibility of returning for monitoring falls completely on the patient. With thoroughly maintained oral hygiene, any inflammation around the implant should be prevented, because infections decrease the guarantee of the implant staying in position.
Association of Dental Implantology UK
British Dental Health Fundation
British Dental Association
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